DIANA
Finite Element Analysis

Verification Report

Release 10.4


DIANA FEA BV

DIANA – Finite Element Analysis
Verification Report release 10.4
Edited by: Denise Ferreira and Gerd-Jan Schreppers
Published by:
DIANA FEA bv
Delftechpark 19a, 2628 XJ Delft, The Netherlands.
Phone: +31 88 34262 00
Fax: +31 88 34262 99
E-mail: info@dianafea.com
Web page: https://dianafea.com

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Diana is a registered trademark of DIANA FEA bv. FemGV, FemGen, and FemView are trademarks of DIANA FEA bv. FX+ is a registered trademark of Midas IT Corporation. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Adobe Reader is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc. AutoCAD is a registered trademark of Autodesk Inc. DXF is a trademark of Autodesk Inc. IGES is a trademark of IGES Data Analysis, Inc. Parasolid is software owned by Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software Inc.© 1986-2020. The X Window System is a trademark of M.I.T. unix is a registered trademark of UNIX Systems Laboratories, Inc. Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation. Nastran is a registered trademark of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. All other brand names, product names or trademarks belong to their respective holders.

Contains Autodesk® RealDWG by Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 1998-2009 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved.

First edition, April 21, 2020.
Copyright © 2020 by DIANA FEA bv, all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form by print, photoprint, microfilm or any other means, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The information in this document is subjected to change without notice and should not be construed as a commitment by DIANA FEA bv. DIANA FEA bv assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document.

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Release Quality Process
Preface
Glossary of Symbols
Contents
I  Introduction
1 Introduction
 1.1 Verification of FEM Software
 1.2 NAFEMS Benchmarks
 1.3 Conventions
 1.4 How to Find Tests
II  Verification Tests
2 Linear Static Analysis
 2.1 NAFEMS Benchmarks
3 Eigenvalue Analysis
 3.1 NAFEMS Free Vibration Benchmarks
III  Reinforced Concrete Benchmarks
4 Introduction
5 Beams Failing in Bending
 5.1 Beam C3 (Vecchio and Shim 2004)
6 Beams Failing in Shear
 6.1 Beam SE-504-45 (Collins and Kuchma 1999)
7 Slabs
 7.1 McNeice Slab (McNeice 1967)
8 Conclusion
IV  Validation Masonry Models Under Seismic Conditions
9 Introduction
10 Theoretical Formulation of Material Models
 10.1 Engineering Masonry Model
 10.2 Total Strain Crack Model
11 Validation Tests: In-plane Tests
 11.1 Guidelines for Masonry Mechanical Parameters
 11.2 In-plane Double Fixed Test LOWSTA
 11.3 In-plane Double Fixed Test HIGSTA1
 11.4 In-plane Double Fixed Test CS03
 11.5 In-plane Double Fixed Test CS05
 11.6 In-plane Cantilever Test EUC-COMP-3 (Calcium Silicate Brick Masonry Wall)
 11.7 In-plane Double Fixed Test EUC-COMP-2 (Calcium Silicate Brick Masonry Wall)
 11.8 In-plane Double Fixed Test PMW2 (Historic Clay Brick Masonry Wall)
 11.9 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-0a
 11.10 In-plane Cantilever Test TUD-COMP-1Q
 11.11 In-plane Cantilever Test TUD-COMP-2Q
 11.12 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-3Q
 11.13 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-4Q
 11.14 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-5Q
 11.15 In-plane Cantilever Test TUD-COMP-6Q
12 Validation Tests: Out-of-plane Tests
 12.1 Out-of-plane One Way Damage Mode Test DOHERTY-8
 12.2 Out-of-plane Two Way Bending Test TUD-COMP-7
 12.3 Out-of-plane Two Way Bending Test TUD-COMP-11
 12.4 Out-of-plane Two Way Bending Test TUD-COMP-12
13 Out-of-plane Shear Failure Test
 13.1 Analytical Out-of-plane Shear Failure Test
14 Conclusions
V  Validation Maekawa-Fukuura Model and Crack Concrete Curves
15 Introduction
16 Theoretical Description
 16.1 Maekawa-Fukuura Concrete Model
 16.2 Total Strain Crack Model
 16.3 JSCE Hardening Reinforcement Model
 16.4 Theoretical Comparison of Both Concrete Models
17 Element Validation Tests
 17.1 Uniaxial Behavior
 17.2 Shear Behavior
 17.3 Crack Test in Six Directions
 17.4 Shear Panels (SE-8, SE-9, and SE-10)
 17.5 Shear Panels Subjected to Monotonic Loads
18 Component Validation Tests
 18.1 Slabs Under Cyclic Transverse Loading (IS-1, IS-2)
 18.2 Shear Wall
 18.3 Reinforced Concrete Box
 18.4 Cylindrical Reinforced Concrete Box
 18.5 Column Member Under Flexure and Torsion
 18.6 Reinforced Concrete Tank
 18.7 Reinforced Concrete Column Member
19 Conclusion
VI  Material Models for Soil
20 Introduction
 20.1 Overview
 20.2 Mohr-Coulomb Model
 20.3 Hardening Soil Model/Modified Mohr-Coulomb Engineering Input
 20.4 Modified Cam-Clay Model
21 Triaxial Tests
 21.1 Test Description
 21.2 Finite Element Model
 21.3 Mohr-Coulomb Model
 21.4 Hardening Soil Model/Modified Mohr-Coulomb Engineering Input
 21.5 Modified Cam-Clay Model
 21.6 Conclusions
22 Oedometer Tests
 22.1 Test Description
 22.2 Finite Element Model
 22.3 Hardening Soil Model/Modified Mohr-Coulomb Engineering Input
 22.4 Modified Cam-Clay Model
 22.5 Conclusions
VII  Models for Pile Foundations
23 Introduction
24 Finite Element Model
 24.1 Description
 24.2 Geometry
 24.3 Properties
 24.4 Boundary Conditions
 24.5 Loads
 24.6 Mesh
 24.7 Analysis
25 Case 1: Pile Tip
 25.1 Description
 25.2 Results
26 Case 2: Shaft Interaction
 26.1 Description
 26.2 Results
27 Case 3 Shaft Interaction with Depth Function
 27.1 Description
 27.2 Results
28 Case 4: Nonlinear Shaft Interaction
 28.1 Description
 28.2 Results
29 Case 5: Nonlinear Shaft Interaction and Pile Tip
 29.1 Description
 29.2 Results
30 Conclusions
VIII  Appendix
A Keywords
 A.1 Analysis Type
 A.2 Elements
 A.3 Material Properties
 A.4 Loading
 A.5 Constraints
 A.6 Options
 A.7 Preprocessing
 A.8 Postprocessing
 A.9 Results
 A.10 Class
B Available Element Types
C Index of Pathnames
D Engineering Masonry Model Results with Different Head Joint Failure Options
 D.1 In-plane Double Fixed Test LOWSTA
 D.2 In-plane Double Fixed Test HIGSTA1
 D.3 In-plane Cantilever Test EUC-COMP-3 (Calcium Silicate Brick Masonry Wall)
 D.4 In-plane Double Fixed Test EUC-COMP-2 (Calcium Silicate Brick Masonry Wall)
 D.5 In-plane Double Fixed Test CS03
 D.6 In-plane Double Fixed Test CS05
 D.7 In-plane Double Fixed Test PMW2 (Historic Clay Brick Masonry Wall)
 D.8 In-plane Cantilever Test TUD-COMP-1Q
 D.9 In-plane Cantilever Test TUD-COMP-2Q
 D.10 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-3Q
 D.11 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-4Q
 D.12 In-plane Double Fixed Test TUD-COMP-5Q
 D.13 In-plane Cantilever Test TUD-COMP-6Q
 D.14 Out-of-plane One Way Damage Mode Test DOHERTY-8
 D.15 Out-of-plane Two Way Bending Test TUD-COMP-7
 D.16 Out-of-plane Two Way Bending Test TUD-COMP-11
 D.17 Out-of-plane Two Way Bending Test TUD-COMP-12
E Examples of DIANA text input for Engineering Masonry Model Verification Tests
 E.1 DAT File for Test LOWSTA
 E.2 DCF File for Test LOWSTA
F References for Maekawa-Fukuura Model Tests
Bibliography
Index
List of Figures
List of Tables