The corrosion of steel reinforcement is commonly believed to be the primary cause of structural deterioration of reinforced concrete (RC) structures; as a result of this deterioration, a RC structure can incur a considerable reduction in structural serviceability and safety. Because of their inherent redundancy, statically indeterminate structures develop resistant mechanisms that can potentially assist in delaying the collapse of severely damaged RC structures. In order to experimentally demonstrate these resistant mechanisms, four groups of three two-span continuous RC beam members each were deteriorated using induced corrosion methods and tested to failure under monotonic loads. For control, one group of three RC beams was left uncorroded and similarly load tested. All the RC beam specimens subjected to corrosion demonstrated a significant reduction (a maximum reduction of 55% as compared to the uncorroded control group) of their ultimate capacity. The presence of corrosion induced a transition from flexural failure to anchorage failure in some specimens; despite the induced damage some redistributed structural capacity was observed. Modelling of deterioration effects by the inclusion of different aspects of corrosion was also conducted. Three-dimensional (3D) Finite-Element Method (FEM) models were developed to assess the variation in the mechanical properties of the corroded steel and the reduction in the bond interaction between concrete and steel due to the corrosion of the steel reinforcement. In general, the current 3D FEM models demonstrated a good agreement with the experimental data; however, 3D FEM models that exhibit greater sophistication are necessary to better describe the failure mode of some RC beam specimens when they are associated with local effects.